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Investment bond

Segmenting the future

The facility to segment an international investment bond into a number of individual policies is an attractive feature that can provide added flexibility and tax efficiency for your clients. Our Premiere Account, available through the Isle of Man and both our Premiere Europe Account and our International Portfolio Bond, available through Ireland, offer the opportunity to have up to 99,999 policies, which can be particularly appealing from a tax planning perspective.

Introduction

In setting up and managing a client’s portfolio, it is usual to look at making the most of ISA allowances and capital gains tax exemptions. But income tax allowances should equally be used to best effect and an international bond, with its segmentation facility, can help with this. The more segments it has, the more opportunities there are to increase returns, by minimising the tax payable or by assigning policies to someone with a lower tax rate. However, some international bonds restrict these opportunities by having a maximum of, say, 100 policies. What this means in practice is shown in the following examples.

Example 1

Jack, who currently earns £42,000 (2017/18 tax year), invested 15 years ago into an international investment bond with 100 segments. He has made no previous withdrawals. He now wants to cash in as many segments as possible, while limiting the top-sliced gain to £3,000 and thereby avoiding any higher rate tax charge.

P1 Segment

It is clear that the limited number of segments has a detrimental effect on the total amount that can be encashed, particularly for the larger investments.

The table below shows the benefit of having a far greater number of segments, based on a bond with 99,999 segments

P2 Segment

Example 2

Mike and Jane invested £300,000 15 years ago into an international investment bond with 100 segments. Their intention was to benefit their future grandchildren, including the funding of their university education. They now want to assign some segments to their first grandchild for her to cash them in. The number of segments assigned should mean the chargeable gain is limited to their grandchild’s available personal allowance of 11,500, plus the personal savings allowance of £1,000 and the savings starting rate band of £5,000 (tax year 2017/18), so as to avoid any tax charge.

Compare the values when 99,999 segments are available.

P3 segment

Example 3

Christine invested £100,000 15 years ago into an international investment bond with 100 segments. She has an annual income of £85,000 and now wants to cash in as many segments as possible without losing any of her personal allowance. This means the chargeable gain should be limited to £15,000, giving her a total income of £100,000 (tax year 2017/18).

Again, the benefit of having 99,999 segments is clear.

P4 segment

 

All three international investment bonds

  • Offer access to a wide choice of funds and additional investment opportunities to enable you and your clients to construct a portfolio to match any risk profile.

  • They can be set up as a series of up to 99,999 identical policies or segments providing flexibility and greater tax efficiency.

  • The policyholder is able to take money out of the bond without incurring any immediate tax liability provided they stay within the cumulative 5% tax-deferred allowance.

  • Allows up to six lives to be assured.

  • Gives advisers a choice of tax-efficient strategies to determine who should pay any tax due and when.

 All growth within each segment is generally tax-free until a chargeable event occurs, either through partial surrenders or full encashment of a segment.

The above examples are for illustrative purposes only. They assume a growth rate of 5% each year and do not take into account actual product or investment charges. All figures are rounded to the nearest pound. Please note that the value of an investment bond can fall as well as rise and your clients could get back less than they invest.

This briefing note has been prepared for professional adviser use only.

 This briefing note is also available as a PDF.

This website is for UK professional advisers only and is not approved for use by private customers.

Canada Life Limited is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority.

Canada Life International Limited and CLI Institutional Limited are Isle of Man registered companies authorised and regulated by the Isle of Man Financial Services Authority.

Canada Life International Assurance (Ireland) DAC is authorised and regulated by the Central Bank of Ireland.

Stonehaven UK Limited and MGM Advantage Life Limited, trading as Canada Life, are subsidiaries of The Canada Life Group (U.K.) Limited. Stonehaven UK Ltd is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. MGM Advantage Life Limited is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority.